ARTICLE 19 Europe joins other media freedom and journalists organisations to express dismay over the recent attempts by Slovak Deputy Prime Minister Igor Matovič to denigrate the country’s media and warn they were undermining wider efforts by the government to improve the landscape for media freedom.
In recent weeks, Matovič, the former prime minister and current finance minister, has launched numerous verbal attacks on the media, including by posting insulting posts on Facebook that personally attacked the editor-in-chief of the newspaper Denník N, Matúš Kostolný, over a critical opinion piece.
Speaking in parliament, Matovič, who is also leader of the largest party in government, then accused unspecified media of being corrupt and, during a speech on 29 September, again accused the country’s media of ‘spreading lies’ and likened their journalism to Nazi propaganda.
These comments clearly overstepped the bounds of legitimate criticism and represented unacceptable attacks on independent journalism, which were rightly condemned. Our organisations welcome Prime Minister Eduard Heger’s statement defending journalists and the criticism of the minister’s comments by nine Members of Parliament from his OĽANO party.
We also stand behind the powerful joint statement issued on 30 September by 22 of the country’s leading editors-in-chief, who condemned the minister’s rhetoric and refused to be pressured into silence for carrying out their role as public watchdogs.
While we note the statement of apology addressed by Matovič ‘to all honest journalists’ on 3 October, this will only have credibility if followed up by action. We therefore urge the minister to refrain from making any further unjustified accusations of the press and to recognise that public figures holding elected office have a duty to act responsibly and to be prepared to accept a higher level of public scrutiny.
If repeated, Matovič’s attacks will undermine the coalition government’s broader efforts to improve the landscape for press freedom. The parliament has passed important bills strengthening the protection of the confidentiality of journalistic sources, as well as increasing transparency of media ownership and funding. The Justice Ministry has tabled amendments to widen the scope of the Freedom of Information Act and decrease prison sentences for defamation. While full justice for the 2018 assassination of the journalist Ján Kuciak and his fiancée has not yet been reached, Slovak law enforcement authorities are prosecuting people linked to corruption cases reported by journalists. Internationally, Slovakia has worked towards an ambitious European Media Freedom Act.
Moving forward, we hope to see the government continue this reform agenda and for an end to all further verbal attacks against the media. Our organisations will continue to closely monitor the situation in Slovakia in the coming weeks and months.
ARTICLE 19 Europe
European Centre for Press and Media Freedom (ECPMF)
European Federation of Journalists (EFJ)
Free Press Unlimited (FPU)
International Press Institute (IPI)
OBC Transeuropa (OBCT)
Reporters Without Borders (RSF)
This statement was coordinated by the Media Freedom Rapid Response (MFRR), a Europe-wide mechanism which tracks, monitors and responds to violations of press and media freedom in EU Member States, Candidate Countries and Ukraine.